By Charles Onunaiju
The 8th Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) will hold in the Senegalese Capital of Dakar on the 29th and 30th of November 2021. The 21 year old cooperation mechanism between Africa and China founded at the turn of the century has become a model of international cooperation, famous for delivering measurable, tangible and practical outcomes even with less bureaucracy and glamour. The theme of the 8th ministerial conference “Deepen China-Africa partnership and promote sustainable development to build a China-Africa community with a shared future in the new era” would certainly build on the phenomenal outcomes of the immediate two summits of the heads of state and government that held in Johannesburg , South Africa (2015) and Beijing, China (2018), respectively. Both summits though, drawing from the FOCAC cherished tradition of outlining specific areas and contents for deepening cooperation, were however, major turning points and historic new starting points for the FOCAC mechanism.
President Xi Jinping on assumption of office in 2013 left no one in doubt that Africa genuinely constitutes the cornerstone or foundation of China’s foreign relation by making his first ever foreign trip as president, straight from Moscow to Africa, specifically in Tanzania, where he affirmed that “unity and cooperation with Africa countries is the foundation of China’s foreign policy. This will never change even should China grow stronger and enjoy a higher international standing” In an outline that is pivotal to the current trajectory of China-Africa engagement, president Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech in Tanzania that “similar historical experience, common development tasks and shared strategic interests have bound us together. We both view the other’s development as our opportunity, and we both seek to promote mutual development and prosperity through cooperation.” The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation(FOCAC) is the essential mechanism that drives the mutual opportunity that China and Africa represents to each other. With a three yearly ministerial conference or summits between each other, the FOCAC process does not brook complacency as follow ups activities, ranging from projects implementation, dialogues and consultation at both intergovernmental and non-governmental levels involving broad range of actors at various platforms, culminating in the drawing up of agenda and building consensus on key issues of common concerns majorly characterize the times between a summit or a conference and the other. The basic feature of the FOCAC mechanism is the follow-up process, whose key element is to deliver tangible and practical results on the outcomes of heads of states’ summits or ministerial conference. The two heads of states summit held in Johannesburg and Beijing respectively before the 8th ministerial conference scheduled for the end of this month in Dakar Senegal were phenomenal milestone and landmark in the history of the FOCAC process. At the Johannesburg summit in South Africa, president X1 Jinping outlined the ten (10) cooperation plans and backed it with a 60 billion U.S dollar funding support. The range of the outlined cooperation plans which included Industrialization, Agricultural modernization, Infrastructure, Trade and Investment, Poverty Reduction, Public Health, Peace and Security among others clearly and objectively aligned with the key and major requirements of Africa to accelerate growth, and drive sustainable and inclusive development. Between the period of the Johannesburg summit and its Beijing counterpart, up till now, Africa’s infrastructure profile and its industrialization pace has grown phenomenally, generating top notch jobs in the real sector and massively enhancing capacity building and skill acquisition among the continent’s bourgeoning youth population.
In 2017, the U.S based international management and consultancy firm, McKinsey and Co published a report from its survey and field work of Chinese enterprises in Africa and reached the conclusion that it generate tens of thousands of jobs and also breeding top and medium managers from among Africa workers. The report put China ahead of others in such strategic sectors to Africa as infrastructure financing and construction, trade and investment. At the Johannesburg summit, president Xi Jinping has said that the ten cooperation plans would “help accelerate Africa’s Industrialization and Agricultural modernization and thereby help Africa to achieve sustainable development on its own”. From the period of the summit and now, the first electrified railway connecting Ethiopia’s Industrial heartland to the port of Djibouti, cutting travel times and costs by less than half has been fully operational. The Mombasa-Nairobi nearly 500 km standard gauge railway in Kenya, Abuja-Kaduna 167 km and its Lagos-Ibadan counterpart in Nigeria have all become fully functional, improving passenger and goods freighting more efficiently. Special economic zones and industrial parks invested by Chinese enterprises as the pivotal hub for Africa’s Industrialization are springing up across the continent, and equally Sea ports, Airports, power plants and road networks assisted by China through concessional loans and grants, are putting unprecedented dynamism and energy as Africa races to fill the historic deficits of infrastructure connectivity that have previously made the concept of pan-African Unity and Integration, a hollow rhetoric.
Examples includes the Zambia-China Economic and Trade cooperation zone, , the first of its kind established in Africa. it conducts upstream mining of the Chambishi copper mine and downstream smelting of the output and at the same time introduces more Chinese enterprises that do business in construction in the local market. Eastern industrial zone in Ethiopia where textile processing, footwear manufacturing and garment processing industries concentrate, Suez canal economic zone in Egypt focuses on petroleum equipment, auto parts and some high tech industries. The Mauritius-Jinfei Economic Trade and cooperation zone develops commerce and trade logistics, tourism and financial services. These and several others, including lekki free trade zone in Nigeria are some of the critical and high end outcomes of China Africa cooperation promoting Africa as the next world industrial frontier .
China and Africa cooperation has been robustly enriched and made more proactively functional through the vigor of the FOCAC multilateral process. In the era of beguile nationalism, China and Africa through the mechanism of the FOCAC has reaffirmed multilateralism as the trend of the times.
(Continued on www.sunnewsonline.com)
The Beijing summit of the Forum on China Africa cooperation further boosted the profile of FOCAC as steps towards an even stronger China-Africa community of shared future in the new era, was taken when effort was made to consolidate on the ten cooperation plans outlined in Johannesburg, three years earlier by the launch of eight new initiatives, which president Xi Jinping said , “was in close collaboration with Africa countries in the next three years and beyond”. The Eight initiatives included industrial promotion, infrastructure connectivity, capacity building, Health care, people to people exchange and peace and security. China also offered another 60billion USD for as funding support for the Initiatives. The progress of these initiatives along with the ten cooperation plans, an integrated framework to drive the tangible outcomes of the FOCAC process was on course when the once in a century disruption of the Covid-19 pandemic occurred. But in the face of the common affliction inflicted by the pandemic, China-Africa cooperation proved resilient and stood as exemplary of international cooperation in the face of a rampaging pandemic, whose profile as equal opportunity killer was clearly established when it ravaged both the poor and rich in equal measure.
As the pandemic wreaks havoc at lives and livelihood, China and Africa convened an extra ordinary summit on solidarity against covid-19 on the 17th of June, 2020.
In practical terms president Xi Jinping said that China will put down what it takes to support Africa in its fight against the pandemic and efforts to develop the African continental free trade Area, enhance connectivity, and strengthen industrial and supply Chains”, would be scaled up. The only known international summit held amidst the rampage of covid-19 pandemic, China-Africa relation through the FOCAC process proved itself a model of international cooperation and solidarity that stood, unbowed even in the face of a strange pandemic. The FOCAC process has brokered the most fruitful and productive cooperation in which a traditional friendship and solidarity has been transformed to a platform that yield concrete and measurable outputs, culminating in tangible and practical value addition to the national aggregates of participating countries.
The addition of the exponential driver of the Belt and Road initiative(BRI) to the FOCAC process has further accelerated the pace of China-Africa development cooperation, multiplied its value inputs and given it a considerable quality scope, that mainstreams green development and all the key concerns of the contemporary issues of climate change.
The 8th ministerial conference in Dakar Senegal this month will be both introspective, reflective and forward looking. The pandemic has slowed down people to people contacts between China and Africa even as e-commerce and other aspects of digital economy has soared. But as the people is the foundation of China-Africa cooperation, the Dakar ministerial conference should engage ideas that would help in the early re-start of people to people to contacts.
Post covid-19 economic reconstruction would obviously be high on the agenda and new cooperation drivers would likely be announced. It is however, imperative to strengthen the existing mechanism. Africa and China as a pacesetter of the community of shared future in the new era, must take practical measures to safeguard multilateralism, deepen its mechanisms and practice by remaining unwavering in their commitment to dialogue, consultation and cooperation.
The 8th ministerial conference in Dakar is a historic turning point as it came against the background of its predecessors, the highly successful summits before it and would no doubt take FOCAC mechanism a notch higher as both sides explore new opportunities to bring tangible additional values to their respective national aggregates and consolidate multilateralism as the most effective mechanism for broad and extensive international cooperation.
Mr. Onunaiju, is the Research Director, Center for China Studies, Abuja
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70% vehicles, motorcycles plying Kebbi roads lack proper documentation- BIR Chairman
From Olanrewaju Lawal, Birnin Kebbi
The Board of Internal Revenue(BIR), Kebbi state, has noted that about 70 percentage of vehicles and motorcycles plying roads across the 21 local government areas in the state are not properly registered or documented.
The Executive Chairman of the Board, Alhaji Illyasu Arzika Jega stated this while speaking with newsmen about the agency outing alongside other security agencies to checkmate vehicles and motorcycles particulars in major roads in the state.
Jega, explained that, the BIR, Kebbi state has being receiving a lot of messages, complaints outside the state especially from Lagos state, requesting requesting for the verification of some of the vehicles plate numbers, which often found not to be properly documented or registered.
According to him, “the defaulters, it is almost 70 percent, approximately 70 percent. If you are to check thoroughly, out of ten motorcycles or vehicles on the roads, hardly you will see three with registration numbers. So, that is why we would consider it necessarily to go out and start checking regularly so that people will not relax on the need for them to come out and registered their vehicles. Because, there are a lot of reports coming to our office in respect of stolen vehicles which we do received across the nation.
“Specifically, from Lagos state. They do send messages to us for inquire on plate numbers of vehicles to us for verification. In our findings, we might discovered that such vehicles could belong to X and Y, or Z and Y. So, this is the reason we are carrying out this exercise so that our people could register their vehicles properly”, he said.
Jega explained that, those found to have violated the sections of the law were asked to do the right things, while others whose offenses were grievous were charged to court by the VIO.
“But, at our own end, at the Board of Internal Revenue, you will not be released until you performed your obligation. You must renew your vehicle documents if you have not done it, or obtain your plate number if it is plate number issue. We would make sure you buy it before your vehicle is being released”.
Jega explained that, the Board have more than enough plate numbers in our stocks, amounting to millions of naira in all the local government areas for any motorist who wanted to purchase.
The Board Chairman who advised the general public to properly registered their vehicles to avoid embarrassment on the roads by security agencies and for easier identification if stolen, stressed that, if they did the right things, their vehicles would be protected as well generating revenue for the government for development.
“This exercise is to enlighten our people, to inform the general public that the government is on ground and any motorists should abide by the law. They should have their vehicles plate numbers and also ensure that they registered it properly. If their vehicle’s documents have expired, they should get them renewed. I knew that some documents expire in six months while others expired in a year. So, there is need for the public to know that, they are duty bound to comply with all these responsibilities to avoid any embarrassment by the law enforcement agencies”.
China vows ‘resolute countermeasures’ as US officials boycott Games
China has sharply criticised the diplomatic boycott of February’s Beijing Winter Olympics by the United States.
Washington should stop politicising sports, Foreign Office spokesman, Zhao Lijian, said on Tuesday in Beijing.
He announced “resolute countermeasures”, without giving details.
“The Olympics are not a stage for political manipulation,’’ he added.
White House spokeswoman, Jen Psaki, had announced the previous day that President Joe Biden’s administration would not send diplomatic or official representatives to the Games in China because of alleged human rights abuses.
US athletes will still attend; other countries are mulling a diplomatic boycott.
China’s foreign office spokesman said the US should stop “disrupting the Beijing Winter Olympics with words or deeds’’.
Otherwise, he said, they are harming bilateral dialogue and cooperation with China on important issues.
The Winter Games will be held from Feb. 4 to Feb. 20 next year.
China has come under criticism for alleged human rights abuses, including its treatment of minorities such as the Uighurs and Tibetans and its suppression of the democracy movement in Hong Kong.
There are also major political tensions between the US and China over other contentious issues.
The relationship has fallen to its lowest point since diplomatic relations were established in 1979.
Biden sees China as the most powerful competitor and the greatest geopolitical challenge for the US.
ADP backs electronic transmission of election results, direct primaries
The Action Democratic Party (ADP) on Tuesday expressed support for the adoption of direct party primaries and electronic transmission of results in the 2023 general elections.
National Chairman of the party, Yabagi Sani, said in Abuja at the inauguration of the party’s 2022 National Convention Planning Committee that electronic transmission of results would guarantee free and fair elections.
He charged INEC to resist an alleged attempt of malicious groups to reject the Electoral Act Amendment Bill.
“We in the ADP regard the 2023 general elections as a watershed in the nation’s political history.
“It will be a turning point from the decadence that has characterised previous elections because we can see the clamour by all Nigerians for a change.
“In 2023, the direct primary and electronic transmission of election results should be regarded as an effective panacea to crises that have plagued efforts at free and fair elections in Nigeria,’’ he said.
He urged the National Assembly to veto President Muhammadu Buhari on the Electoral Bill if the outcome to his assent to the Bill was not favourable.
Sani said the conduct of ADP’s congresses and its national convention would be held through direct primaries.
He stressed that the ADP was not averse to direct primaries and electronic transmission of results since the outcome of an election was a reflection of the wishes of the electorate.
He added that only those planning to manipulate the elections would find it difficult to discard the old system.
Sani explained that this could be because the old system conferred on them the latitude to rig and deny the electorate their fundamental rights of choosing their leaders.
UNEP announces all-female winners of 2021 Champions of Earth award
The UN Environment Programme on Tuesday announced all-female winners of the 2021 Champions of the Earth Award for their contributions to advancing the green agenda.
The winners of the prestigious environment award include the Prime Minister of Barbados, Mia Mottley, and Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, a Ugandan scientist.
“This year’s champions are women who not only inspire us but also remind us that we have in our hands the solutions, the knowledge, and the technology to limit climate change and avoid ecological collapse,’’ said Inger Andersen, UNEP’s executive director in a statement issued in Nairobi.
Andersen reiterated that harnessing female-led innovations will be key to restoring planetary health amid the triple crisis of climate change, biodiversity loss and pollution.
According to Andersen, this year’s winners of the Champions of the Earth Award demonstrates that narrowing the gender gap is crucial to the realisation of a climate-resilient and sustainable future.
The winners of the award were recognised for galvanising action at the local, regional, and global levels to promote the health of ecosystems amid climatic and human-induced threats.
The four categories acknowledged in the award include Inspiration and Action; Policy Leadership; Entrepreneur Vision; as well as Science and Innovation.
Mia was honoured in line with her contributions to furthering activities in the Policy Leadership category.
Honoured in the Science and Innovation category is Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, a veterinarian at Uganda’s Wildlife Authority and an expert on primates and zoonotic diseases.
The sea women of Melanesia and Maria Kolesnikova also won the award in the same category.
Omicron: Pyrates slams UK, Canada over travel restrictions
From Femi Folaranmi, Yenagoa
The National Association of Seadogs (Pyrates Confraternity) has described as “racially motivated” travel restrictions clamped on Nigeria and other African countries by authorities of the United Kingdom and Canada over the Omicron variant of COVID-19.
The NAS Capoon, Mr Abiola Owoaje in a statement titled: ”COVID-19 Omicron: The gang-up against Africa” said the pattern of travel restrictions is “neither informed by science nor justified by sound clinical and epidemiological principles.”
Owoaje who noted that the swiftness in the expansion of travel restrictions goes against the recommendations of the World Health Organisation (WHO) said ”it has given rise to valid suspicion that these inconsiderate reactions are driven by base considerations of bare-faced prejudice”.
While picking holes in the travel restrictions, he pointed out that the UK’s decision to leave out European countries where Omicron had been detected even before Africa “leaves very little room to doubt the growing conviction that they are racially motivated.”
Owoaje said that the vilification of African countries for raising the red flag on the Omicron variant of COVID-19 puts a question mark on the sincerity of western countries in the global efforts to tackle the pandemic.
The statement reads in part: “The misguided hysteria being displayed by western nations against African countries since the outbreak of the Omicron variant inadvertently clouds their sincerity in the global coalition against COVID-19. It gives them away as colluders in the worsening scenario of vaccine inequality threatening global action against the pandemic. Vaccines are allowed to go to waste in Europe and other advanced countries where they have been oversupplied, while African countries are supplied meagre quantities even after placing orders and showing genuine payment commitment. Enacting policies that shut Africa from the rest of the world, not accepting tests from African countries demonstrate nothing but stereotyping and racism.
“These discriminatory regulations, shocking in their total disregard of the rules of international engagement, are likely to undermine the genuine worldwide collaboration that is required to contain this pandemic as well as the trust that is needed to maintain public health alliances for the protection of our world in the future.
“We commend the governments of Nigeria and South Africa to be the forefront of a robust and commensurate response by African countries to this clear case of systematic and undiplomatic discrimination from Western nations.
It is urgently necessary for western governments to work hard to drain the reservoirs of ignorance and prejudice that these ill-judged actions stem from if the genuine progress made in international collaboration against COVID-19 is not to be jeopardised.”
Nigerian Senate pressures UK to reverse its COVID-19 ‘red list’ travel ban
From Fred Itua, Abuja
The Nigerian Senate has condemned the United Kingdom’s inclusion of Nigeria in its COVID-19 red list without any justification.
The Senate has therefore called on the British Government to consider removing Nigeria from the red list.
The upper legislative chamber advised the British Government to be sensitive to the diplomatic relations between both countries when taking a decision that affects Nigerian citizens.
The Senate urged the Federal Government to engage the British authorities to reverse Nigeria’s inclusion on the red list.
It also charged the administration to remain firm in the enforcement of necessary protocols in the containment of every COVID-19 variant in Nigeria.
It further called on major vaccines powers, namely, Britain, Canada, America, and the European Union, among others, to take urgent and bold steps to ensure vaccine equity in the interest of the entire human race.
The foregoing were parts of resolutions reached by the chamber, following the consideration of a motion on the “Need for Government of the United Kingdom to remove Nigeria from COVID-19 Red List.” The motion was sponsored by Ike Ekweremadu.
Coming under orders 42 and 52 of the Senate Rules, Ekweremadu noted with satisfaction the efforts of the Government of Nigeria in the containment and treatment of COVID-19 cases.
‘Nigeria is among the countries with the lowest cases of COVID-19. The decision by the British Government to include Nigeria in their COVID-19 list, with its concomitant implications, will affect many citizens of Nigeria, who had planned to spend their Christmas and New Year holidays with their families.
‘Also worried that Nigerians with genuine needs to visit the UK within this period will be denied a visa and those with visa will not be allowed to enter the UK,’ he said.
The lawmaker noted that Nigerians have consistently complied with all the COVID-19 protocols required by the World Health Organization (WHO) and UK Government for travellers prior to the ban.
He emphasised that ‘targeting African countries, especially in the COVID-19 travel ban, amounts to profiling and discrimination as well as an attack on our cordial diplomatic relationship with the UK.’
Ekweremadu drew the attention of the chamber to global concerns over vaccine hoarding and inequity and the resulting consequences on low-income nations in the fight against COVID-19.
In his remarks, the Senate President, Ahmad Lawan, said the decision to include Nigeria on the UK COVID-19 red list poses a strain on the diplomatic relations between both countries. He bemoaned the poor treatment of Nigeria by the UK government.
Lawan, therefore, called on the British Parliament to intervene with a view to having Nigeria removed from the country’s COVID-19 red list.
‘Let there be justification for it. We are not saying that they cannot put any country on the red list, including Nigeria, but there must be reasons for doing that.
‘Nigeria has done so well to the admiration of many countries in the area of containment of COVID-19. Therefore, we don’t see any reason why Nigeria will be on that so-called red list.
‘I believe that Nigerians deserve better treatment from the British government. I’m using this opportunity to ask the British Parliament to mount pressure on their government to remove Nigeria from the so-called red list.’
APC headquarters files motion to quash ruling on Kano Ward Congress
From Desmond Mgboh, Kano
The national headquarters of the All Progressives Congress (APC) has filed a motion of stay of execution on the court judgment voiding the outcome of the ward congresses conducted by the party in Kano State.
Kano State Commissioner of Information, Mohammad Garba, in a press statement, Tuesday, disclosed that the appeal was filed before the Abuja Division of the Court of Appeal.
He revealed that the APC national headquarters, among other arguments, contested the jurisdiction of the court to entertain the case.
He disclosed that also sought by the party was an interim order restraining the respondents from taking steps to give effect to the order of the High Court, pending the hearing of the appeal by the appellate court on December 16, 2021.
Garba added that the APC headquarters submitted that the Chairman and the Secretary of the Congress Committee of the ward congress, who were joined in the case, were never contacted, despite the fact their phone numbers and contact addresses were well captured in the petition.
He also stressed that the duo had never met with the said team of lawyers, who were recorded to have represented them in the case, adding that they were denied the right of fair hearing by the court.
The Commissioner explained that the ward executive committee members were also kept in the dark about the court case, adding that they neither contracted or authorized the said lawyers to represent them.
He urged party members in the state and beyond to continue to exercise restraint and be law- abiding as the national headquarters of the party pursues the case.
End of an era: Germany’s Merkel bows out after 16 years
BERLIN (AP) — Angela Merkel was assured of a place in the history books as soon as she became Germany’s first female chancellor on Nov. 22, 2005.
Over the next 16 years, she was credited with raising Germany’s profile and influence, working to hold a fractious European Union together, managing a string of crises and being a role model for women.
Now that near-record tenure is ending with her leaving office at age 67 to praise from abroad and enduring popularity at home. Her designated successor, Olaf Scholz, is expected to take office Wednesday.
Merkel, a former scientist who grew up in communist East Germany, is bowing out about a week short of the record for longevity held by her one-time mentor, Helmut Kohl, who reunited Germany during his 1982-1998 tenure.
While Merkel perhaps lacks a spectacular signature achievement, the center-right Christian Democrat came to be viewed as an indispensable crisis manager and defender of Western values in turbulent times.
She served alongside four U.S. presidents, four French presidents, five British prime ministers and eight Italian premiers. Her chancellorship was marked by four major challenges: the global financial crisis, Europe’s debt crisis, the 2015-16 influx of refugees to Europe and the coronavirus pandemic.
“It’s undeniable that she’s given Germany a lot of soft power,” said Sudha David-Wilp, the deputy director of the German Marshall Fund of the United States’ Berlin office. “Undoubtedly she’s elevated Germany’s image in the world.”
“When she first came onto the scene in 2005, a lot of people underestimated her, but she grew in stature along with Germany’s role in the world,” David-Wilp added. Others in Europe and beyond “want more of an active Germany to play a role in the world — that may not have been the case before she was in office, necessarily.”
In a video message at Merkel’s final EU summit in October, former U.S. President Barack Obama thanked her for “taking the high ground for so many years.”
“Thanks to you, the center has held through many storms,” he said.
Merkel was a driving force behind EU sanctions against Russia over its annexation of Crimea and backing of separatists in eastern Ukraine, and also spearheaded so-far-unfinished efforts to bring about a diplomatic solution there. She was regarded as being “able to have a dialogue with (Russian President Vladimir) Putin on behalf of the West,” David-Wilp said.
She was steadfast in pursuing multilateral solutions to the world’s problems, a principle she set out at a military parade in her honor last week.
The global financial crisis and the migrant influx “made clear how much we depend on cooperation beyond national borders and how indispensable international institutions and multilateral instruments are to be able to cope with the big challenges of our time,” Merkel said, identifying those as climate change, digitization and migration.
That stance was a strong counterpoint to former U.S. President Donald Trump, with whom she had a difficult relationship. At their first meeting in the White House in March 2017, when photographers shouted for them to shake hands, she quietly asked Trump “do you want to have a handshake?” but there was no response from the president, who looked ahead.
Merkel dismissed being labeled as “leader of the free world” during that period, saying leadership is never up to one person or country.
Still, she was viewed as a crucial leader in the unwieldy 27-nation EU, famed for her stamina in coaxing agreements in marathon negotiating sessions.
“Ms. Merkel was a compromise machine,” Luxembourg Prime Minister Xavier Bettel said recently. When negotiations were blocked, she “mostly found something that unites us to move things along.”
That was on display in July 2020, when EU leaders clinched a deal on an unprecedented 1.8 trillion-euro ($2 trillion) budget and coronavirus recovery fund after a quarrelsome four-day summit.
At her 107th and last EU summit, European Council President Charles Michel told Merkel: “You are a monument.” A summit without her would be like “Rome without the Vatican or Paris without the Eiffel Tower,” he added.
The appreciation from her counterparts was genuine, although there was plenty of friction over the years. Merkel always sought to keep the EU as tightly knit as possible but strongly defended Germany’s interests, clashing with Greece during the debt crisis and disagreeing with Hungary, Poland and others over their refusal — unlike Germany — to host migrants arriving in Europe.
Merkel said she was bowing out of the EU “in a situation that definitely gives me cause for concern as well.”
“We have been able to overcome many crises in a spirit of respect, in an effort always to find common solutions” she said. “But we also have a series of unresolved problems, and there are big unfinished tasks for my successor.”
That’s also true at home, where her record — dominated by the crises she addressed and including a pandemic that is flaring anew as she steps down — is a mixed bag. She leaves Germany with lower unemployment and healthier finances, but also with well-documented shortcomings in digitization — many health offices resorted to fax machines to transmit data in the pandemic — and what critics say was a lack of investment in infrastructure.
She made progress in promoting renewable energy, but also drew criticism for moving too slowly on climate change. After announcing in 2018 that she wouldn’t seek a fifth term, she failed to secure a smooth transition of power in her own party, which slumped to defeat in Germany’s September election.
The incoming governing coalition under Scholz says it wants to “venture more progress” for Germany after years of stagnation.
But Germans’ overall verdict appears to remain favorable. During the election campaign, from which she largely was absent, Merkel’s popularity ratings outstripped those of her three would-be successors. Unlike her seven predecessors in postwar Germany, she is leaving office at a time of her choosing.
Merkel’s body language and facial expressions sometimes offered a glimpse of her reactions that went beyond words. She once lamented that she couldn’t put on a poker face: “I’ve given up. I can’t do it.”
She wasn’t intimidated by Putin’s style. The Russian president once brought his Labrador to a 2007 meeting with Merkel, who later said she had a “certain concern” about dogs after having once been bitten by one.
She was never the most glamorous of political operators, but that was part of her appeal – the chancellor continued to take unglamorous walking holidays, was occasionally seen shopping at the supermarket and lived in the same Berlin apartment as she did before taking the top job.
Named “The World’s Most Powerful Woman” by Forbes magazine for the past 10 years in a row, Merkel steps down with a legacy of breaking through the glass ceiling of male dominance in politics — although she also has faced criticism for not pushing harder for more gender equality.
Obiano’s aide tasks parents on Igbo language
Dr Mitchel Onugbolu, Senior Special Assistant (SSA) to Gov. Willie Obiano on Social Re-orientation, has tasked parents and guardians on the responsibility of teaching thier children and wards their native language.
Onugbolu, in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) on Monday in Awka, said that parents had a huge role to play in ensuring that the native languages did not go into extinction.
She urged them to take seriously the speaking and teaching of such languages to their children.
The SSA said that the Igbo language, as a native language, should not be allowed to be “swallowed” by foreign languages.
According to her, neglecting the native language is detrimental to the the ethnic group.
Onugbolu said that the decline in youths speaking their native language was primarily a function of parents and guardians’ neglect to speaking and teaching it to their wards and children.
She however said that the situation could be remedied if parents went back to the rudiments of speaking, teaching and exposing their children to the language by proudly speaking it.
Onugbolu added that Igbo language could be promoted beyond its present status through giving children Igbo names and explaining their meanings to them so that the bearers would be proud of such names.
“We need to dress in our cultural attire, act dramas, sing songs and write books, among other things to sustain and project the beauty of the Igbo ethin group.
“People from the Igbo speaking part of Nigeria need to be proud of their language as other ethnic groups and project their food values and customs to draw the attention of the youngsters.
“Giving children Igbo names and teaching of Igbo beliefs, through folklore and other acts, will make meaning to the youths in their bid to embrace their culture,” she said.
Onugbolu also urged parents in the diaspora to promote Igbo language and culture where they reside to prevent their children from being completely “taken over” by foreign cultures.
Similarly, she called on writers to put more effort in the writing of books in Igbo to encourage reading and learning of the language in primary, secondary and tertiary institutions.
She further appealed to the National University Commission (NUC) and other stakeholders in education to also design a curriculum in Igbo language as done in other subjects to promote the language.
Burna Boy, Nigeria’s leading music export, continues to dominate African market in 2021– Spotify Buena Boy
The global music industry is turning its attention to Africa and Nigeria’s new generation of artistes are quickly becoming its biggest success.
Top on the list of these Nigerian artistes is Damini Ebunoluwa Ogulu, popularly known as “Burna Boy” who according to Spotify’s ratings bagged second most streamed album after Wizkid who got first as the artiste with the most streamed album.
This was according to a statement released by Mr Owoyemi Ajayi, Spotify’s Account Manager.
The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that Spotify is a global online streaming platform.
Ajayi said commendations go to a combination that includes talented artistes, exceptional producers, DJs, local and international promoters, leading entertainment Public Relations, marketing professionals, and a growing local audience.
” The Afro-fusion artiste hit the music world like a storm with the release of his global breakout album, “African Giant”,
” This has since staked a claim as one of the biggest stars on the music scene worldwide, a crossover sensation who refuses to compromise.
” Known for using his music as a tool for telling the story of his life and his surroundings, Burna Boy’s ability to weave tales of love and educate listeners on politics and expressions of vulnerability, while creating authentic Afrobeats, is how he’s been able to capture the world’s attention,” he said.
Ajayi said in spite the fact that Burna Boy didn’t release an album in 2021, this has still been a standout year for him, who has won a string of awards and sold out venues across the globe.
He noted that the two-time Grammy nominee won the award for Best Global Music Album in the World Music category for his 2020-released Twice as Tall album.
” As he noted while receiving his Grammy Award, “This is a big win for Africans of my generation all over the world”.
” His recent features on chart-topping singles like Question, Ginger and Yaba Buluku reinforces his vocal appendage as an Afro heirloom that artistes the world over seek to possess on their songs.
” From the thick gold chains that adorn his neck to his vast collection of rings and gold and jewel-encrusted teeth grills, Burna Boy has also carved a fashion niche for new-generation Afro-fusion acts.
” With huge global monthly listeners, Nigerian singer, rapper, and songwriter, Burna Boy is undoubtedly one of Africa’s biggest musical exports,” he said.
In Spotify’s recently released 2021 Wrapped data, Burna Boy featured prominently among the top 10 artistes in almost every listed country in Africa.
He ranked among the top 10 streamed artistes in Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The lowest position in these countries is number five in Kenya.
According to the Wrapped data, his album “Twice as Tall” is among the top 10 albums for the year in Nigeria, Ghana, Tanzania, as well as Uganda, and ranked in the top 30 in Kenya.
Burna Boy’s growth in the music industry and his many successes are inspirational as every step he takes elevates him, in the music industry in Nigeria, and the continent of Africa at large.
As Burna Boy continues to march on, there’s a great possibility that the doors he walks through will be left open for the up-and-coming music artistes to follow in his footsteps.
He has been resilient in his pursuit to remain the ‘Odogwu’ or better still, the ‘African Giant’ of African music, most especially, the Afro sound. (NAN)
Nigeria’s rich cultures come alive in New York
Nigeria’s rich cultures came on display in New York as the Consulate-General of Nigeria showcased the cultures and traditions of the people of Rivers, Cross River and Benue States.
The Second Edition of the Nigeria Cultural Show, featured cultural displays from the Andoni and Opobo of Rivers, Efik of Cross River and Idoma from Benue.
Speaking at the event, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Amb. Zubairu Dada, said the cultural show was aimed at showcasing Nigeria’s diverse traditions and promote cultural tourism, economic growth and foreign direct investment.
The minister said the inaugural show organised by the Consulate-General in July, which showcased the Argungu Fishing Festival and the Osun Osogbo Festival, had produced positive results.
Dada explained that some tourists from the U.S. travelled to Nigeria shortly afterwards to attend the Osun Osogbo Festival in August.
He commended the Consulate-General for the initiative of ensuring that Nigeria’s diverse and rich culture was propagated, enjoyed and preserved to be handed over to generations yet unborn.
The minister also commended Nigerians in diaspora for their support and for displaying their cultural attires at the show.
“Your continued support in the promotion of Nigeria’s potential and achievements in various fields of human endeavours is commendable,” he said.
“We will continue to collaborate with you for the greater glory of Nigeria as we invite you to join hands with the mission and the government of Nigeria in attracting development to your home country.”
Dada said Nigeria would continue to explore culture and tourism as veritable tools to strengthen ties with other nations.
“I have no doubt that after this show today, you would have a better understanding of Nigeria and the heightened sense of admiration of our rich cultural heritage,” he said.
“Our country, Nigeria is richly blessed with a rainbow of culture from which oozes our strength in diversity.”
Nigeria’s Ambassador to the U.S., Dr Uzoma Emenike, who spoke virtually at the event, said Nigeria’s culture was the legacy of cherished manifestations of human and intellectual achievements shaped by people of different languages.
Emenike said Nigeria’s culture was shaped by more than 500 languages with over 1,500 dialects of various ethnic groups.
“It is evident that we are endowed with required population, tourist attractions and rich natural resources,” she said.
“You will agree with me that despite our challenges, our cultural diversity and our endowment in terms of natural resources have given us enough reasons to celebrate Nigeria.
“There are varieties of cuisines to our film industry, which is Nollywood, our literature and the Nigerian music industry, which is constantly bringing Nigeria to the world’s stage.’’
In his remarks, the Consul-General, Amb. Lot Egopija, said the Consulate-General collaborating with the Nigerian community provided an opportunity for diasporas to contribute towards the preservation and transfer of culture and norms through generations.
“The governments of Bayelsa and Zamfara States have also indicated interest in promoting their states in subsequent cultural shows.
“So, sometime in 2022, the Consulate, the two states and the Nigerian community will showcase the cultures, traditions and natural resources of the people of Bayelsa and Zamfara States,’’ he said.
The Permanent Representative of Nigeria to the UN, Prof. Tijjani Muhammad-Bande, said Nigeria was a great country and that Nigeria and Nigerians had been very critical to the U.S.
The Nigerian envoy said showcasing Nigeria’s cultural heritage strengthened the bonds of friendship among the Nigerian people.
President of Manhattan Borough, Ms Gale Brewer, paid tributes to Nigerians in the U.S. for excelling in their various endeavours and for raising Nigeria’s flag high.
Speaking on Opobo, Prof. Iyala Peterside said the culture of the people was derived from the Igbo of the hinterland.
Peterside said the culture was demonstrated through a display of rituals marking the transition from youth to adulthood, marriage celebrations and artistic performances by masquerade and organised troupes by men and women.
He said Opobo kingdom was a tourist haven and boasted of ancient relics, principally the monument of King Jaja, buildings reminiscent of the palm oil trade era and numerous relics of the nineteenth century.
Also speaking on Idoma culture, retired Col, Jolly Abu, President of Idoma Association, USA, said Idoma culture was built on integrity, sincerity and hard work.
The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that the event, with the theme “Nigeria: Our Community, Our Cultures and Our Unity’’, also showcased cultural dance troupes, musical performances and cultural fashion displays, particularly from the three featured states. (NAN)
Dowen college murder: My son is innocent, mother of accused student cries out
By Chioma Okezie-Okeh
The mother of Edward Brown, one of the students of Dowen College in Lekki area of Lagos, accused on social media as being responsible for the tragic death of 12 -year-old Sylvester Oromoni has cried out that his son is innocent.
The deceased was said to have been assaulted by some cult groups, who he identified before his death, as students of the college for refusing to join the fraternity.
He was admitted in a Lagos hospital following the attack and confirmed dead days later. His relative who leaked the news on social media had mentioned the names of some students believed to have been named by the deceased before he died.
According Miss Oluchi Sunday, his son’s name which was not earlier mentioned suddenly surfaced online and since then the family has come under severe attack.
Miss Sunday in a statement made available to the media insist that his son, Edward Brwon who does not live in the dormitory was not in school at the time of the alleged beating.
“It has come to my attention that some individuals caused rumours to be peddled on social media platforms suggesting that my son Edward Brown is one of the students allegedly involved in the beating of the late Sylvester Oromoni Jr at a Dowen College hostel, which resulted in his untimely death.
To set the record straight, I wish to bring the following facts to the public notice, which demonstrate that such rumours are false, malicious and lack any basis whatsoever:
“My son is a day student and has never been a boarder. Because my son is a day student, he was not on the school premises at the time when the unfortunate incident occurred. Precisely in the night of November 21, 2021, during a weekend and so, could not have been in the hostel as alleged.
In a social media post made on November 1, 2021, on the deceased’s elder brother’s Instagram page, “greatoromonii”, five names, including Dowen College were mentioned before the conclusion. My son’s name was not among those names.
As a result of these false and malicious rumours, my son and I have been under constant attack via social media, with insults and threats being hurled at us daily. This has caused us much emotional distress and mental trauma.
“Therefore, on behalf of myself and my son, Edward Brown, I hereby demand that managers of social media and other platforms where the false and libellous rumours are circulating, immediately retract the offending posts and tender a public apology to us. In this regard, Gistlovers247blog, Nkechicatherine9, celebs_critique Nkanu Tv, tamara_momotimi, etc, take notice.
We commiserate with the Oromini family for the tragic loss of Sylvester Oromini Jr and pray for the repose of his soul,” her statement read.
Meanwhile Daily Sun reliably learnt that police who has since commenced investigation will grill some of the students at the State Criminal Investigative Department (SCID), Panti today.
Airports: Presidential aide tasks stakeholders on improved values
Dr Jumoke Oduwole, Special Adviser to the President on Ease of Doing Business, has advised all stakeholders working in the nation`s airports to improve on their conduct and values.
Oduwole gave the advice on Monday, after a training on “ Ethical Behaviors“ at the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport , Abuja.
According to her, such move will promote aviation sector and improve the integrity of the country.
“I think the most important point for me has to do with our conducts and values. I shared with them that really nobody can buy me. I am not for sale. Nobody can afford me.
“ No one can bribe me. I come with my values. I have a family name to protect. I am interested in my job and that is why I do it no matter the challenges and consequences.
“ If it is not okay I can go and find another job which I have done in the past in my carrier. But, if I commit to do this, then I want to do it to the best I can with the spirit of excellent and definitely my values are not up for sale,“ she said.
According to her, no one can cohort her do somethings that are not right.
Oduwole maintained that she would always stand on integrity no matter what.
She said that the training was organised to advance knowledge of the stakeholders by acquiring more skills.
According to her, the training is also a part of activities government has planned to address a numerous vice incidents that have been happening at the airports.
“We took some decisions of course, we have been working with FAAN for a while. But, it is an ongoing process. So, we decided, that team came up with the idea of training session.
“Because, it will be unfair to ask people to change behavior and not really equip them with skills. So, we brought together with our team an external facilitator to talk about the mandate.
“Why it is important to the country as a national pride. We equip them with soft skills about how to do with customers, the reason for ethical behaviours and to stand against corruption,“ she added.
She said the training would help the stakeholders to value their jobs and fully realized what the nation was expected from them.
According to her, the nation really expects the best from them, especially as we go into high traffic holiday season.
In his own part, Capt. Rabiu Yadudu, the Managing Director, Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria (FAAN), said the meeting targeted all stakeholders to do their jobs creditably and responsibly.
Yadudu urged the all stakeholders to uphold national interest in all their endeavours.
“I think the take home in this meeting is our responsibility, that is all about national interest. We must put aside egos and positions of our agencies, companies, businesses we do.
“We must understand that airport is a critical part of the nations. The national interest come first, and I believe that all agencies that are here should not do anything that will against to national interest.
“If any agency is doing anything counteract to national interest, they should know they are already violating,“ he added.
According to him, FAAN organised the training with the Presidential Enabling Business Environment Council, to further re-sensitize and re-train all airport stakeholders in Abuja on the importance of being discipline.
NAN reports that the training was well well attended by all the head of the agencies, airlines and FAAN staff that are already invited.
These include Nigeria Customs Service (NCS), Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC), Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC) National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA), Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS) and FAAN Officials among others. (NAN)
Police arraign 3 guards for failure to prevent thieves in Osun
From Lateef Dada, Osogbo
Osun State Police Command on Monday arraigned three guards before a Magistrate Court sitting in Ile-Ife for alleged negligence of duty.
The defendants, Ismaila Mohammed, (45) Bibilari Olalere (35) and Adigun Rasak (40), were alleged to have failed in their duty to prevent thieves from breaking into the shop of one Owoseni Oluwatoyin.
The prosecutor, Onah Glory, told the court that the defendants committed the offence on November 29, 2021 around 10 pm at Aserifa-Ola Estate, Modakeke-Ife.
Glory said that the defendants conspired among themselves to commit offence to wit: negligence to prevent felony.
The alleged offence, according to the charge sheet, contravened sections 515 and 516 of the Criminal Code Cap 34, Vol II, laws of Osun State, 2002.
The defendants pleaded not guilty to the two-count charges of conspiracy and negligence.
Counsel to the defendants, Ben Adirieje, urged the court to grant his client bail, promising that he will not jump bail.
Magistrate O. B. Adediwura granted the defendants bail in the sum of N100,000 with one surety in like sum.
The Magistrate thereby adjourned the case to January 24, 22, for mention.
Lafia transmission sub-station completed, energised – NDPHC
The Niger Delta Power Holding Company (NDPHC) says the Lafia 2X150 Mega Volt Ampree (MVA) 2X60 /132/33/330 Kilo Volt (kV) Transmission Substation is finally completed and energised.
The Technical Adviser (Media), NDPHC, Mr Sanya Adejokun, said this in a statement in Abuja on Monday.
Adejokun said that contract for the multi-billion Naira National Integrated Power Project (NIPP) 330/132/33kV Lafia Transmission Substation was awarded by the Niger Delta Power Holding Company in November 2016.
Adejokun, who said worked commenced at the Akurba site in 2017, noted that NIPP aimed at strengthening electricity infrastructure and improve supply nationwide.
“Both the 2 x 150MVA 330/33kV Transformers T1 and T2 as well as the 75MVar Shunt Reactor (for Voltage Regulation/Control) were successfully energised on Nov 30th.
“By Wednesday Dec 1, 24hrs after the 2 x 60MVA 132/33kV Transformers T3 & T4 were successfully energised.
The Executive Director, Networks, NDPHC, Mr IfeOluwa Oyedele, said the Lafia 330/132/33kV Substation was presently the newest of its kind in the grid .
“And, equipped with World Class State-of-the-Art Digital Control and Protection facilities with fully functional Human-Machine-Interface (HMI) that enhances real-time operational flexibility, monitoring & control of all the Substation electrical variables,” he said.
Gov. Abdullahi Sule of Nasarawa, who witnessed the technical commissioning of the Transmission Substation commended the successful completion of the project
”The Lafia Substation was successfully tested and connected to the grid.
” The transmission substation has the capacity to deliver and meet 240MW of load demand. The project will enhance and guarantee uninterrupted power supply to Nasarawa and its immediate surrounding states.
” Before now, even the Government House, Lafia could not run on electricity from the distribution network because the 33kV line that comes from Akwanga is grossly overloaded and inadequate to power the State capital and its environs.
“The project will also help to provide backfeed to FCT, whenever necessary since FCT is being served from Shiroro and Geregu Power Stations,” he said.
Oyedele said that already, Abuja Electricity Distribution Company (AEDC) had almost completed the reticulation of the distribution feeders that will ensure that residents of the State and its environs begin to immediately enjoy the full benefit of the completed Lafia Substation.
He said during construction, the project was a source of employment and capacity building to scores of Nigerians as most of the technicians and engineers on site are Nigerians.(NAN)